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Liberty Protection Safeguards (LPS)

Mental capacity assessment: female professional assessing elderly gentleman

Reflecting on changes to the MCA Code of Practice (Part 1)

The UK Government has launched an open consultation around changes to the MCA Code of Practice and implementation of the LPS. The consultation document is available for anyone to access and can be downloaded in a number of different formats, including a draft version of the new Code. Professionals are encouraged to read the document(s) as appropriate and feedback via online forms. There is no requirement to study the complete set of proposals in order to take part.

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Gillick competence. Teenager receiving injection from doctor.

Gillick Competence and the Fraser Guidelines

The Mental Capacity Act (2005) currently applies to adults aged 18 years and above. However, as with many things, there are specific areas of exception. One of which is known as ‘Gillick Competency’ (or Gillick Competence), and the related Fraser Guidelines. These two important judgements set out rules around when a young person is deemed competent to make their own decisions without specific parental consent.

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Holding hands

What is a Relevant Person’s Representative (RPR)?

A Relevant Person’s Representative (RPR) is a necessary and essential role under the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DoLs). It is the role of the RPR to maintain regular contact with the relevant person who has been deprived of liberty, and represent them in all relevant matters. This can include: appealing against a DoLs authorisation, requesting a review, ensuring least restrictive practices are in place or raising a complaint.

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Lady with emotional disabilities using pet therapy

Impact of LPS on supported living

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In recent years, the Courts have recognised the growing number of areas to which Deprivation of Liberty Safeguard (DoLS) should apply, with the result being that Community Orders have been added to the DoLS process. Yet still there has been gaps where people have not had capacity to consent to their placement and care, yet not had an authorisation requested or considered.  

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